(Member of the ITLOS since 1 October 1999; re-elected as from 1 October 2008; President of the ITLOS 2008–2011; President of the Seabed Disputes Chamber 2014-2017)
M.A., Government and Politics, Saint John's University, New York (1985)
International Law Certificate, Saint John's University, New York (1985)
Law Degree, School of Law, Classical University of Lisbon (1978)
Professional Experience: Delegate and Head of Cape Verde delegation to the Third United Nations Conference on the Law of the Sea (1979–1982); Sixth Committee of the United Nations General Assembly (1979–1994); Counsellor (Legal Adviser) (1981–1987), Ambassador and Deputy Permanent Representative of Cape Verde (1987–1991), Ambassador and Permanent Representative of Cape Verde to the United Nations in New York (1991–1994); Chairman, Group of 77 for the Law of the Sea (1986); Chairman, Group of African States at the United Nations (1986); Head of the Cape Verde delegation to United Nations Conference on the Law of Treaties between States and International Organizations or between International Organizations, Vienna (1986); Chairman, Preparatory Commission for the International Seabed Authority and for the International Tribunal for the Law of the Sea (1987–1995); President, United Nations Security Council (July 1992 and November 1993); Special Envoy of the Secretary-General of the United Nations for the Great Lakes Region, Central Africa (1994); Ambassador of Cape Verde to Portugal, Spain and Israel (1994–1996); Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs and Cooperation (1996–1998); Minister of Foreign Affairs and Communities (1998–1999); Chairman, National Commission on the Delimitation of Maritime Boundaries, Cape Verde; Legal Consultant for technical assistance in the drafting of fisheries legislation, FAO; Lecturer at several seminars and conferences on the law of the sea, international dispute settlement, humanitarian law and international relations.
Publications: Author of publications in the fields of the law of the sea, ITLOS proceedings and humanitarian law and extradition.
Member of the Tribunal since 1 October 2014; President of the Chamber for Fisheries Disputes since October 2017
Education: Cand. jur. (B.A. and LL.M.), Faculty of Law, University of Iceland (1982–1988); summer course in public international law, Hague Academy of International Law, The Netherlands (1988); courses in public international law, European Community law, competition law and intellectual property law, University of Copenhagen, Denmark (1992–1993); summer course in European Community law, the law of human rights in Europe, and law and society, Academy of European Law, European University Institute, Fiesole, Italy (1993); Certificate in European Studies (European Community law, public international law), Europe Institute, University of Saarland, Saarbrücken, Germany (1993–1994).
Professional Experience: Attorney at Law, Law Firm of Thorolfur Kristjan Beck, Fridjon Orn Fridjonsson and Tomas Heidar, Reykjavik (1988–1992); Secretary, National Commission on High Seas Fisheries (1994–1995); UN Conference on Straddling Fish Stocks and Highly Migratory Fish Stocks (1994–1995); negotiations with Norway and Russia on Barents Sea cod fisheries (1994–1999); Deputy Legal Adviser, Ministry for Foreign Affairs (1996); Legal Adviser, Ministry for Foreign Affairs (1996-2014); Head of Delegation: negotiations with Denmark/Greenland on the delimitation of the maritime area between Iceland and Greenland (1996–1997), Preparatory Commission for the Establishment of an International Criminal Court (1996–1998), negotiations with Denmark/Faroe Islands on the delimitation of the maritime area between Iceland and the Faroe Islands (1996–2007), Annual Meeting of the North Atlantic Salmon Conservation Organization (1997), Meetings of States Parties to the UN Convention on the Law of the Sea (1997–2014), informal consultations for the negotiation of General Assembly resolutions on Oceans and the Law of the Sea and Sustainable Fisheries (1997–2013), UN Diplomatic Conference of Plenipotentiaries on the Establishment of an International Criminal Court (1998), meetings of the Open-ended Informal Consultative Process on Oceans and the Law of the Sea (2000–2007), consultations with the United Kingdom, Ireland and Denmark/Faroe Islands on the continental shelf in the Hatton Rockall area (2001–2014), Assembly of States Parties to the Rome Statute on the International Criminal Court (2002–2004), informal consultations of States Parties to the 1995 UN Fish Stocks Agreement (2002–2014), negotiations with Norway and Denmark/Faroe Islands on the delimitation of the continental shelf between Iceland, Norway and the Faroe Islands (2006), Review Conference of the 1995 UN Fish Stocks Agreement (2006, 2010), meetings of the Ad-Hoc Open-ended Informal Working Group to study issues relating to the conservation and sustainable use of marine biological diversity beyond areas of national jurisdiction (2006–2014), negotiations of the FAO International Guidelines for the Management of Deep-sea Fisheries in the High Seas (2008), negotiations of the FAO Agreement on Port State Measures to Prevent, Deter and Eliminate Illegal, Unreported and Unregulated Fishing (2008–2009), coastal States negotiations on mackerel fisheries in the North-East Atlantic (2010–2012), negotiations with Denmark/Greenland on the delimitation of the continental shelf between Greenland and Iceland (2012–2013), meetings with the Commission on the Limits of the Continental Shelf and its Subcommission established to consider the submission of Iceland (2013–2014); coastal States negotiations on Atlanto-Scandian herring fisheries in the North-East Atlantic (1996–2000); meetings, Legal Advisers of the Ministries of Foreign Affairs of the Nordic countries (1996–2014); meetings, Committee of Legal Advisers on Public International Law of the member States of the Council of Europe (1996–2013); Third to Fifth sessions, Conference of the Parties to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (1997–1999); annual meetings, North-East Atlantic Fisheries Commission (1997–2002); annual meetings, Northwest Atlantic Fisheries Organization (1997–2002); general debate of the UN General Assembly on Oceans and the Law of the Sea (1997–2013); annual meetings, OSPAR Commission (the OSPAR Convention for the Protection of the Marine Environment of the North-East Atlantic) (1997–2012); Sixth Committee of the UN General Assembly (1997–2013); Informal Meetings of Legal Advisers at the UN (1997–2013); Lecturer, Faculty of Law, University of Iceland (1998–present); Chairman, National Commission on Continental Shelf Limits (2000–2014); FAO Conference on Responsible Fisheries in the Marine Ecosystem (2001); Annual Meetings, International Whaling Commission (2001–2003, Head of Delegation 2009–2011); Director, Law of the Sea Institute of Iceland (2002–present); Co-Director and Lecturer, Rhodes Academy of Oceans Law and Policy (2003–present); Meeting of the FAO Committee on Fisheries (2007); Chief Negotiator of Iceland on mackerel fisheries (2009–2012); Commissioner of Iceland, International Whaling Commission (2009–2012); Vice-Chairman, Negotiations Committee on Fisheries relating to the accession negotiations of Iceland with the European Union (2009–2013); various meetings with the European Union on fisheries in preparation for accession negotiations (2010–2011); guest lecturer at various universities; Ambassador (2014); Conciliator under Annex V to the Convention (2014–present); Arbitrator under Annex VII to the Convention (2014–present).
Member: National group for the purpose of nominating candidates for election to international courts and tribunals (1996–present); Editorial Board of the Nordic Journal of International Law (2000–present); Board of Leifur Eiriksson Moot Court Club (for the participation of Icelandic law students in the Philip C. Jessup International Law Moot Court Competition) (2001–present); Editorial Board of the Aegean Review of the Law of the Sea and Maritime Law (2010–present); Board of the Polar Law Institute, University of Akureyri (2010–present); Advisory Board of the Centre for Arctic Policy Studies, Institute of International Affairs, University of Iceland (2013–present).
Publications and Lectures: Author of numerous writings and publications, including: Friðhelgi ríkja og eigna þeirra gagnvart lögsögu dómstóla annarra ríkja (Jurisdictional Immunities of States and their Property) (in Icelandic), University of Iceland, 1988; Richterliche Rechtsfortbildung im Europäischen Gemeinschaftsrecht (Lawmaking of Courts in European Community Law) (in German), Europa Institut, 1994; “Lausn deilna við nágrannaríkin á sviði fiskveiða og hafréttar” (“Settlement of Fisheries and Maritime Delimitation Disputes with Neighbouring Countries”) (in Icelandic), in: Sjávarsýn, Njördur, Iceland, 1999; “Réttarstaða landgrunnsins, réttur strandríkja til landgrunns og afmörkun íslenska landgrunnsins” (“Legal Status of the Continental Shelf and Delineation of the Icelandic Continental Shelf”) (in Icelandic), in: Líndæla, Liber Amicorum Sigurður Líndal, Hið íslenska bókmenntafélag, Iceland, 2001; “Legal Aspects of Continental Shelf Limits”, in: Legal and Scientific Aspects of Continental Shelf Limits, Martinus Nijhoff, 2004; Legal and Scientific Aspects of Continental Shelf Limits (co-ed.), Martinus Nijhoff, 2004; “Emerging UN Law of the Sea Issues”, in: Recent Developments in the Law of the Sea and China, Martinus Nijhoff, 2006; Þorskastríðin þrjú – saga landhelgismálsins 1948-1976 (The Three Cod Wars – the History of the Fisheries Zone Dispute 1948-1976) (in Icelandic) (ed.), Law of the Sea Institute of Iceland, 2006; Law, Science and Ocean Management (co-ed.), Martinus Nijhoff, 2007; Havets nye grænser (The New Ocean Boundaries) (in Danish), Rotary Norden, 2008; “The Legal Regime of the Arctic Ocean“, in: Zeitschrift für ausländisches öffentliches Recht und Völkerrecht (ZaöRV), Heidelberg Journal of International Law, Verlag W. Kohlhammer, 2009, and in: New Chances and New Responsibilities in the Arctic Region, Berliner Wissenschafts-Verlag, 2010; Changes in the Arctic Environment and the Law of the Sea (co-ed.), Martinus Nijhoff, 2010; “Delimitation of the Continental Shelf and Determination of the Outer Limits of the Continental Shelf beyond 200 Nautical Miles in Areas of Overlapping Claims: The Nordic Model”, in: Peaceful Order in the World´s Oceans, Essays in Honor of Satya N. Nandan, Brill Nijhoff, 2014; “The Legal Framework for High Seas Fisheries in the Central Arctic Ocean”, in International Maritime Economy: Law and Policy, Brill Nijhoff, 2017; “Foreword: The Rule of Law of the Sea”, in Natural Resources and the Law of the Sea: Exploration, Allocation, Exploitation of Natural Resources in Areas under National Jurisdiction and Beyond, International Law Institute, 2017; “Conservation and Sustainable Use of Marine Biological Diversity Beyond Areas of National Jurisdiction: A Third Implementing Agreement under the Law of the Sea Convention?”, in Liber Amicorum Guðmundur Eiríksson, University for Peace and O.P. Jindal Global University, 2017; “Introduction”, inGuide to the Navigation of Marine Biodiversity Beyond National Jurisdiction(in English, French and Portuguese), Editora D’Plácido, 2018.
Numerous lectures, including, most recently, University College London, Faculty of Laws, February 2017; University of Iceland, Faculty of Law, Reykjavik, February and March 2017; Inaugural Meeting of Friends of Oceans and the Law of the Sea, Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Denmark, Copenhagen, March 2017; Diplomatic Academy of the Ministry for Foreign Affairs of Iceland, Reykjavik, March 2017; Symposium, ITLOS at 20: Looking into the Future, International Tribunal for the Law of the Sea, Hamburg, March 2017; Edinburgh-Utrecht Law of the Sea Colloquium, University of Edinburgh, March 2017; Opening Session of the Diploma Programme in Law of the Sea and Maritime Law, Catholic University of Valparaiso, School of Law, April 2017; 2017 South China Sea Workshop: South China Sea Arbitration and Incidental Maritime Issues, Da Nang, June 2017; Diplomatic Academy of Vietnam, Hanoi, June 2017; Vietnam National University, School of Law, Hanoi, June 2017; Symposium on Enhancing Ocean Governance in the Caribbean Region, Port of Spain, June 2017 (video presentation); 22nd Session of the Rhodes Academy of Oceans Law and Policy, Rhodes, July 2017; 11th Session of the IFLOS Summer Academy, International Tribunal for the Law of the Sea, Hamburg, July 2017; Diplomatic Academy of Argentina (ISEN), Buenos Aires, August 2017; Symposium, A New Law of the Sea Treaty? Marine Biological Diversity of Areas Beyond National Jurisdiction, Law of the Sea Institute of Iceland, Reykjavik, September 2017; Symposium, The Loophole Dispute (Iceland/Norway), Law of the Sea Institute of Iceland, Reykjavik, October 2017; Fourth Session of the Yeosu Academy of the Law of the Sea, Yeosu, October – November 2017; University of Iceland, Faculty of Law, Reykjavik, March 2018; IFLOS Maritime Talks, Migrants at Sea – Practical and Legal Aspects of the Refugee Situation in the Mediterranean, International Tribunal for the Law of the Sea, Hamburg, March 2018.
Distinctions: Knight, First Class, of the Order of the Lion of Finland.
Professor Dr. Helmut Tuerk is a native of Linz, Austria. He obtained a Doctorate in Law from the University of Vienna in 1963 and thereafter a Postgraduate Diploma frrom the College of Europe, Bruges, Belgium. He joined the Austrian Federal Ministry for Foreign Affairs in 1965, serving as Legal Advisor, Deputy Secretary–General, Ambassador to the United States of America as well as to the Holy See. He further held the position of Director–General of the Office of the Austrian Federal President. From 2005 to 2015 he was a Judge of the International Tribunal for the Law of the Sea in Hamburg, Germany, also serving a term as Vice–President. Subsequently he was elected President of the Assembly of the International Seabed Authority in Kingston, Jamaica, and also held the position of Chairman of the Review Committee. He is the author of numerous publications in the field of international law, in particular the law of the sea.
Education:International Law Department, Moscow Institute for International Relations (1987–1992); Ph.D. (2008).
Professional Experience:Third Secretary, Treaty and Legal Department, Ministry of Foreign Affairs (1991–1992); Assistant to the Deputy Foreign Minister and to the Head of the National Committee on Disarmament (1993–1994); Third, Second and First Secretary, Legal Adviser, Permanent Mission of Ukraine to the UN, New York (1994–1997); Adviser to the President of the UN General Assembly (1997–1998); Deputy Director, Deputy Director-General of the Treaty and Legal Directorate, Ministry of Foreign Affairs (1998–2001); Alternate Representative of Ukraine on the UN Security Council (2001); Deputy Permanent Representative of Ukraine to the UN (2001–2004); Director, Department of the UN and other international organizations, Ministry of Foreign Affairs (2004–2006); Deputy Director, Foreign Policy Directorate of the Secretariat of the President of Ukraine (2006–2008); Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary of Ukraine to Romania (2008–2011).
Member:Delegation of Ukraine at the sessions of the United Nations General Assembly (1994–2007); Representative to the Third Committee (Social and Humanitarian issues, Human rights, 1994–1997) and to the Sixth Committee (Legal matters, 1995–1997, 1999–2003); Commission on Social Development (Rapporteur at 34th session, 1995); Special Committee on the Charter of the United Nations and on the Strengthening of the Role of the Organization (1995–2003, Vice-Chairman 1998, Chairman 2002); Delegation of Ukraine at sessions of Assembly and Council of the International Seabed Authority (1995–1998); Delegation of Ukraine at meetings of States Parties to the UN Convention on the Law of the Sea (1996–1999, 2001–2003, Vice-President, 12th Meeting 2002); Ad Hoc Committee on the Scope of Legal Protection under the Convention on the Safety of UN and Associated Personnel (Head of Delegation of Ukraine, 2002); Ad hoc Committee on jurisdictional immunities of states and their property (2002–2004); UN Committee for Programme and Coordination (Chairman at the 45th session, 2005); Council of Europe Committee of Experts on Terrorism (2006); OSCE Working Group on the draft convention on the international legal personality, legal capacity and privileges and immunities of the OSCE (2006–2007); Head of Delegation of Ukraine at the 24th Meeting of the Council of Ministers for Foreign Affairs of the Organization of the Black Sea Economic Cooperation, 2011; List of Arbitrators of the Maritime Arbitration Commission at the Ukrainian Chamber of Commerce and Industry (MAC) (2013-present).
Publications:Articles on legal issues include “Determination of criteria for equitable legal regulation of the continental shelf delimitation”,Pravo UkraineNo. 7 (2001); “On establishment of a non-contradictorial model of maritime delimitation”,Pravo UkraineNo. 9 (2001); “Joint exploitation of oil and gas resources of the continental shelf: possible ways of intensifying cooperation between Ukraine and Romania”,Collection of scientific essays “State and law”, issue 35, Institute of State and Law of V.M. Koretskyi, National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine (2007); “Issues of the international legal regime to combat piracy in contemporary circumstances”,Yearbook of scientific essays “Legal State”, Institute of State and Law of V.M. Koretskyi, National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine, issue 21 (2010); “The International Court of Justice findings in case of delimitation in the Black Sea (Romania v. Ukraine) and its possible impact on further settlement of delimitation disputes”,Yearbook of scientific essays “Legal State”, Institute of State and Law of V.M. Koretskyi, National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine, issue 23 (2012); “Piracy, Hijacking, and Armed Robbery Against Ships”, in:The IMLI Manual on International Maritime Law, Vol. III, Marine Environmental Law and Maritime Security Law, Oxford UP, 2016.
Professor of International Law, University of Milano-Bicocca, Milan (since 1998).Professor of International Law, Faculty of Law, University of Milan (1994-1998); Professor of Public International Law, Faculty of Political Sciences, University of Genoa (1991-1994); Professor of International Law, Faculty of Law, University of Parma (1980-1991); Charged with the course of International Economic Law, Faculty of Political Sciences, University of Turin (1978-1980); Assistant, Faculty of Law, University of Milan (1973-1980). Member of scientific societies in Europe and America ("American Society of International Law", "Société Française de Droit International", "Academia Internacional de Derecho Pesquero", "Academia Paulista de Direito", "Asociación Argentina de Derecho Internacional").
- 1985 UN, Centre on Transnational Corporations: consultant;
- 1992: FAO, Assistance to Fisheries Development Planning and Resources Management in Eritrea, Legal Adviser;
- 1992: FAO, Study on “The Specific Problems of High Seas Fishing in the Mediterranean Sea”;
- 1994: UNEP, RAC/SPA (Regional Activity Centre for Specially Protected Areas in the Mediterranean), Development of Environmental Legislation Concerning Protected Areas in Malta, Consultant;
- 1998: UNEP, RAC/SPA, Development of Environmental Legislation Concerning Protected Areas in Slovenia, Consultant;
- 1999: UNEP, RAC/SPA, Development of Environmental Legislation Concerning Protected Areas in Croatia, Consultant;
- 2002: UNEP, RAC/SPA, Development of Environmental Legislation Concerning Protected Areas in Lebanon, Consultant;
- 2002, 2004, 2007, 2010, 2013: Secretariat of the Agreement on the Conservation of Cetaceans of the Black Sea, Mediterranean Sea and Contiguous Atlantic Area, Meetings of the Parties, Legal Expert;
- 2002-05: UNEP, RAC/PAP (Regional Activity Centre for Priority Action Programme), Expert Meetings on a Protocol for Integrated Coastal Area Management in the Mediterranean, Legal Expert;
- 2006-09: UNEP, MAP, Meetings on Liability and Compensation for Damage Resulting from the Pollution of the Marine Environment in the Mediterranean, Legal Expert;
- 2008: FAO, Report on “Comparison of Global Governance Processes, Basic Organizational Governance of Selected Peer Agencies”;
- 2009: UNESCO, Study on “Ethical Principles and Legal Rules in the Field of Return of Cultural Properties”;
- 2011: UNEP, RAC/SPA, Study on the Establishment of Marine Protected Areas beyond National Jurisdiction in the Mediterranean Sea;
- 2012: General Fisheries Commission for the Mediterranean, Study on “The International Legal Framework Applicable to Fisheries in Black and Mediterranean Seas”
- 2012 European Commission, Technical Assistance Information Exchange Instrument, Mission in Israel on Legal Framework for Marine Pollution: expert
- 2014-15 European Council Working Group on the Law of the Sea: chairman
Activities for non-governmental organizations:
- 1988, American Society for International Law, Maritime Boundaries Project, expert for the Mediterranean and Black Seas;
- 1994, International Juridical Organization for Environment and Development, Negotiations on the Protocol for the Protection of the Mediterranean Sea against Pollution Resulting from Exploration and Exploitation of the Continental Shelf and the Seabed and its Subsoil, legal expert
- 1996, Agriconsulting s.p.a., Study on “Legal and Institutional Framework for Environmental Management in Six Latin American Countries”, legal adviser
- 2002-02, Institute of Constitutional Research, University of Athens, Study on “Maritime Delimitations Involving Islands and Maritime Delimitation Treaties Concluded in the Mediterranean”
- 2009, Agreco G.E.I.E., Study for the European Commission on “The Current Status of Ratification, Implementation and Compliance with Maritime Conventions in the Mediterranean Region”, expert
- Scovazzi, Gli accordi bilaterali sulla pesca, Milano, 1977;
- Leita & Scovazzi (eds.), Il regime della pesca nella Comunità Economica Europea, Milano, 1979;
- Scovazzi, La pesca nell'evoluzione del diritto del mare, Milano, Part I 1979, Part II 1984;
- Giuliano, Scovazzi & Treves, Diritto internazionale, Milano, vol I, 1983 (2nd ed.), 1991 (3rd ed.); vol. II, 1983;
- Scovazzi, La linea di base del mare territoriale, Milano, 1986;
- Francioni & Scovazzi (eds.), International Law for Antarctica, Milano, 1987;
- Ferrari & Scovazzi (eds.), La tutela della libertà di religione, Padova, 1988;
- Francioni & Scovazzi (eds.), International Responsibility for Environmental Harm, London, 1991;
- Scovazzi & Treves (eds.), World Treaties for the Protection of the Environment, Milano, 1992;
- Reports for Mediterranean Maritime Boundaries, in Charney & al., International Maritime Boundaries, II, 1993; III, 1998; IV, 2002; V, 2006; VI, 2011;
- Scovazzi, Esercitazioni di diritto internazionale, Milano, 1994;
- Francalanci & Scovazzi (eds.), Lines in the Sea, Dordrecht, 1994;
- Scovazzi, Elementos de derecho internacional del mar (edición española a cargo de Bou Franch), Madrid, 1995;
- Maffei, Pineschi, Scovazzi & Treves (eds.), Participation in World Treaties on the Protection of the Environment - A Collection of Data, London, 1996;
- Francioni & Scovazzi (eds.), International Law for Antarctica, 2nd ed., The Hague, 1996;
- Scovazzi, Assab, Massaua, Uccialli, Adua - Gli strumenti giuridici del primo colonialismo italiano, Torino, 2nd ed. 1998;
- Conetti, Migliorino & Scovazzi, Testi di base per lo studio del diritto internazionale, Milano, 1998; II ed. 2001; III ed., 2006;
- Scovazzi, Marine Specially Protected Areas - The General Aspects and the Mediterranean Regional System, The Hague, 1999;
- Scovazzi, Corso di diritto internazionale - Parte I: Caratteri generali ed evoluzione della comunità internazionale, Milano, 2000;
- Scovazzi, The Evolution of International Law of the Sea: New Issues, New Challenges, Hague Academy of International Law, Recueil des Cours, vol. 286, 2000;
- Scovazzi (ed.), The Protection of the Environment in a Context of Regional Economic Integration - The Case of the European Community, the MERCOSUR and the NAFTA, Milano, 2001;
- Camarda & Scovazzi (eds.), The Protection of the Underwater Cultural Heritage - Legal Aspects, Milano, 2002;
- Scovazzi, Elementi di diritto internazionale del mare, 3rd ed., Milano, 2002;
- Garabello & Scovazzi (eds.), The Protection of the Underwater Cultural Heritage - Before and after the 2001 UNESCO Convention, Leiden, 2003;
- Scovazzi (ed.), La protezione del patrimonio culturale sottomarino nel Mare Mediterraneo, Milano, 2004;
- Calvetti & Scovazzi (eds.), Dal Tribunale per la ex-Iugoslavia alla Corte Penale Internazionale, Milano, 2004;
- Maritime Delimitations in the Mediterranean Sea, Cursos Euromediterraneos Bancaja de Derecho Internacional, 2004-2005;
- Juste Ruiz & Scovazzi (eds.), La práctica internacional en materia de responsabilidad por accidentes industriales catastróficos, Valencia, 2005;
- Scovazzi (ed.), Corso di diritto internazionale, Parte II: Trattati, norme generali, adattamento, Milano, 2006;
- Papanicolopulu & Scovazzi (ed.), Quale diritto nei conflitti armati?, Milano, 2006;
- Francioni & Scovazzi (eds.), Biotechnology and International Law, Oxford, 2006;
- Acquaviva & Scovazzi (eds.), Il dominio di Venezia sul Mare Adriatico nelle opere di Paolo Sarpi e Giulio Pace, Milano, 2007;
- Citroni & Scovazzi, The Struggle against Enforced Disappearance and the 2007 United Nations Convention, Leiden, 2007;
- Papanicolopulu & Scovazzi (eds.), Conflitti armati e situazioni di emergenza: la risposta del diritto internazionale, Milano, 2007;
- Calvetti & Scovazzi (eds.), Il Tribunale per la ex-Iugoslavia: l’attività svolta e il suo prossimo scioglimento, Milano, 2007;
- Nafziger & Scovazzi (eds.), Le patrimoine culturel de l’humanité – The Cultural Heritage of Mankind, Leiden, 2008;
- Francioni, Gestri, Ronzitti & Scovazzi (eds.), Accesso alla giustizia dell’individuo nel diritto internazionale e dell’Unione Europea, Milano, 2008;
- Scovazzi, Papanicolopulu & Urbinati (eds.), I diritti umani di fronte al giudice internazionale, Milano, 2009;
- Camarda, Corrieri & Scovazzi, La formazione del diritto marittimo nella prospettiva storica, Milano, 2010;
- Cutillo, Faugno & Scovazzi (eds.), La responsabilità sociale d’impresa in tema di diritti umani e protezione dell’ambiente – Il caso dell’India, Milano, 2012;
- Scovazzi, Ubertazzi & Zagato (eds.), Il patrimonio culturale intangibile nelle sue diverse dimensioni, Milano, 2012;
- Annati & Scovazzi (eds.), Diritto internazionale e bombardamenti aerei, Milano, 2012;
- Citroni & Scovazzi, Corso di diritto internazionale – Parte III: La tutela internazionale dei diritti umani, Milano, 2013;
- Boschiero, Scovazzi, Pitea & Ragni (eds.), International Courts and the Development of International Law – Essays in Honour of Tullio Treves, The Hague, 2013;
- Scovazzi (ed.), Corso di diritto internazionale - Parte I, 2nd ed.:Caratteri fondamentali ed evoluzione storica del diritto internazionale, Milano, 2014;
- Scovazzi (ed.), La restituzione dei beni culturali rimossi con particolare riguardo alla pratica italiana, Milano, 2014;
- Cutillo, Novak & Scovazzi (eds.), La responsabilità sociale d’impresa in tema di diritti umani e protezione dell’ambiente – Il caso del Perù, Milano, 2014;
- Westra, Juss & Scovazzi (eds.), Towards a Refugee Oriented Right of Asylum, Farnham, 2015;
- Antonucci, Papanicolopulu & Scovazzi (eds.), L’immigrazione irregolare via mare nella giurisprudenza italiana e nell’esperienza europea, Torino, 2016.
Erik Franckx is full-time research professor, President of Center for International Law, Faculty of Law and Criminology, Vrije Universiteit Brussel (V.U.B.). He serves at present as the President of the Belgian Society of International Law (2017 - )
Erik Franckx is full-time research professor, President of Center for International Law, Faculty of Law and Criminology, Vrije Universiteit Brussel (V.U.B.). He serves at present as the President of the Belgian Society of International Law (2017 - )
He holds moreover teaching assignments at Vesalius College (V.U.B.); Université Libre de Bruxelles; Brussels School of International Studies (University of Kent); Institute of European Studies (V.U.B.); Université Paris-Sorbonne Abu Dhabi, United Arab Emirates, and the University of Akureyri, Iceland.
He is appointed by Belgium as: Expert in marine scientific research for use in special arbitration under the 1982 United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea (2004 – ); expert in maritime boundary delimitation to the International Hydrographic Organization (2005 - ); member of the Permanent Court of Arbitration (2006 - ); arbitrator under the United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea (2014 - ); and member of the national Commission for the Reform of Private and Public Maritime Law (2012 - ).
He has taught more than 20 short courses since 1992 in the following countries: China, Greece, Iceland, Japan, Philippines, Russian Federation, Sweden, Turkey, United Arab Emirates, United States, and Vietnam.
He was an invited speaker at more than 70 international conferences during the period 2006-2018 in the following countries: Canada, Chili, China, Germany, Greece, Greenland, Finland, France, Italy, Japan, Latvia, Lebanon, Malaysia, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Russian Federation, Singapore, South-Africa, South Korea, Spain, Taiwan, Turkey, United Kingdom, United States, and Vietnam.
He served as a consultant to governments (foreign as well as the three levels of the Belgian state structure, i.e. the federal, regional and community level), international, supra national and non-governmental organizations. He was recently legal counsel on behalf of the Netherlands in the Arctic Sunrise Arbitration against the Russian Federation (2013 - 2017).
He has published widely, with a special interest in the law of the sea (for a complete list, see http://www.vub.ac.be/people/erik-franckx). As a former student of Prof. Louis B. Sohn at the University of Georgia, Athens, USA, where he obtained an LL.M., he was privileged to be invited to update the second editions of the two major publications by the hand of this author with respect to the law of the sea, namely Louis B. Sohn, John E. Noyes, Erik Franckx and Kristen Gustafson Juras, Cases and Materials on the Law of the Sea, Leiden, Brill, 2014, 1006 pp. and Kristen Gustafson Juras, John E. Noyes and Erik Franckx, Law of the Sea in a Nutshell, St. Paul, Minnesota, West Publishing Company, 2010, of which is a third edition is being prepared at present.
Louis Savadogo Licence – Maîtrise, Faculty of Law, University Caen, France – Diplôme d’études approfondies, Droit des organisations internationales et des relations économiques internationales, Université Panthéon-Sorbonne, Paris 1, France - Diplôme d’études approfondies, Sciences politiques, Université Panthéon- Assas, Paris 2, Institut d’études politiques de Paris (IEP) France – Degree in Spanish (Université Paris Nanterre ) - PhD, Habilitation à diriger des recherches, Université Panthéon Sorbonne Paris 1 France. Attaché temporaire d’enseignement et de recherches (ATER) Université Panthéon- Sorbonne, Paris 1, France – Senior Lecturer, public international Law, Université Panthéon Sorbonne, Paris 1, France – Senior Lecturer, Public Law, University Cergy-Pontoise, France. Gave lectures at the ESSEC (Business school). Legal Officer at the International Tribunal for the Law of the Sea (ITLOS), Hamburg, Germany. Delegate of the Tribunal to many conferences and workshops. Member of the Société française de droit international - Member of the International Association for the Law of the Sea – Member of the Committee of legal experts of the United Nations Economic Commission for Africa. On the list of experts of the FAO. Author of several publications in the law of the sea domain, in international judicial law and in constitutional law.
(Secretary of the International Court of Justice)
As a Cameroonian career diplomat and academic, Mr. Maurice Kamga has more 25 years of experience in practicing and teaching of international law in general, and international justice, in particular. After being selected in 1995 as the ninth recipient of the United Nations Hamilton S. Amerasinghe Fellowship for the Law of the Sea, Mr. Kamga’s substantial body of research on the International Law of the Sea together with his extensive expertise in this field is widely acknowledged in the profession.
2017: "Habilitation à diriger des recherches" in Public Law, University Paris Nanterre, France
2004: PhD (Cum Laude) in International Law, the Graduate Institute of International Studies, Geneva, Switzerland.
1998: D.E.S (L.L.M) in international Relations (specialisation: International Law), the Graduate Institute of International Studies, Geneva.
1994: Doctorate in International Relations (specialisation: Diplomatic Studies), the International Relations Institute of Cameroon, Yaoundé, Cameroon.
1991: L.l.M. in Public Law, the University of Yaoundé II, Yaoundé, Cameroon.
1990: Master’s Degree in Public Law, The University of Yaoundé II, Yaoundé, Cameroon
1989: Bachelor’s Degree in Public Law, The University of Yaoundé II, Yaoundé, Cameroon
a) Books and Major Academic Works
– Exploitation concertée de gisements pétroliers et gazierstransfrontaliers en mer : droit et pratique étatique, forthcoming publication;
– (with Makane M. Mbengue) (eds.), Africa and International Law: Reflections on the International Organization - Liber Amicorum Raymond Ranjeva, Paris, Pedone, 2013, 646 pages;
– Délimitation maritime sur la côte atlantiqueafricaine, Brussels, Bruylant, 2006, 317 pages;
– Nationalisme maritime et nouveau droit de la mer en Afrique, Research Report conducted under the UN Hamilton S. Amerasinghe Fellowship on the Law of the Sea, DOALOS, United Nations, New York, 1997, 177 pages;
– La Convention des Nations Unies sur la diversité biologique, PhD dissertation in International Relations, International Relations Institute of Cameroon, Yaoundé, 1994, 359 pages.
b) Selected articles and chapters in collective books
– «Les aspects juridiques de la migration par voie maritime», forthcoming publication in the Journal of the African Union Commission on International Law, 2017.
– L’affermissement des principesjuridiquesapplicables à l’exploitation des gisements pétroliers ou gazierstransfrontaliers en mer», forthcoming publication in the African Yearbook of International Law 2017.
– (with Lucius Caflisch), “The Peaceful Settlement of International Disputes in Africa : The Present and the Future”, African Yearbook of International Law, Vol. 20, 2013-2014, pp. 359-407;
– «L’assistance judiciairedevant la Cour internationale de Justice et le Tribunal international du droit de la mer», in: Maurice Kamga and Makane M. Mbengue (eds.), Africa and International Law : Reflections on the International Organization - Liber Amicorum Raymond Ranjeva, Paris, Pedone, 2013, pp. 529-532;
– «La Convention pour la protection des biensculturels en cas de conflit armé de 1954 et sesdeuxprotocoles de 1954 et 1999», in: Natziger (J.) and Scovazzi (T.) (ed.), The Hague Academy of International Law, Le Patrimoine culturel de l’humanité/The Common Cultural Heritage of Mankind, Leiden, Martinus Nijhoff Publishers, 2008, pp. 817-849;
– «Les procédures d’urgencedevant le Tribunal international du droit de la mer», in: Kohen (M.) (ed.), Promoting Justice, Human Rights and Conflict Resolution through International Law/La promotion de la justice, des droits de l’homme et du règlement des conflits par le droit international - Liber Amicorum Lucius Caflisch, Leiden, Martinus Nijhoff Publishers, 2007, pp. 855-874;
– (with Erik Franckx), «L’existence éphémère du traité de délimitation maritime entre la République d’Estonie et la Fédération de Russie en mer Baltique», Annuaire du droit de la mer, Tome XII, 2007, pp. 393- 423;
– «Sécurité alimentaire et droit international humanitaire», in: Mahiou (A.) and Snyder (F.) (ed.), The Hague Academy of International Law, La sécurité alimentaire/Food Security and Food Safety, The Hague, Martinus Nijhoff Publishers, 2006, pp. 391-426;
– (with Annick Van Houtte), “Review of International Instruments Concerning Protection of Sea Turtles” in: FAO, National and International Regimes for the Conservation of Sea Turtles, Rome, 2004, pp. 57-108.
David Semark is a barrister at Quadrand Chambers, a leading barrister chamber in maritime law and commercial law. He has previously trained in the Shipping Department of one of South Africa's leading maritime and international trade firms, before joining and later becoming a partner at what is now known as Reed Smith.
David Semark specialises in commercial law, with a particular emphasis on shipping and maritime law (especially dry shipping disputes), international trade and commodities, jurisdictional disputes and insurance. Although his practice is primarily as an advocate, he is also an LCIA arbitrator.
David was in the Supreme Court with Simon Rainey QC in October 2018 on the issues as to the burden of proof under the Hague / Hague-Visby Rules raised on the appeal in Volcafe Ltd v Compania Sud Americana de Vapores SA  EWCA Civ 1103.
He is the co-author of P&I Clubs: Law and Practice (2010, 4th ed.) and Maritime Letters of Indemnity (2014, 1st ed.)
Victor Hugo Chacon is a maritime law professor at the National University of Singapore since February 2019. He had previously been teaching at the International Maritime University of Panama. Dr. Chacon has a great experience in maritime litigation and stood manifold times before Maritime Courts of Panama to represent clients. He has a law degree from the University of Panama and an LLM (Maritime Law)summa cum laudefrom the Catholic University of Santa Maria of Antigua. Dr. Chacon received his doctorate degree from the University of Hamburg with Magna Cum Laude with his doctoral dissertation under the supervision of Professor Dr. Dr. h.c. Rüdiger Wolfrum, with the title: “The Due Diligence in Maritime Transportation in the Technological Era”. His thesis is published by Springer in 2017
Visiting Professor at the World Maritime University and the Shanghai Maritime University, Maritime Arbitrator
Jeffrey Blum has been involved in shipping and trading since 1972. He is the fourth generation of a shipping family, has been a member of the Baltic Exchange since 1976 and has worked with a Lloyd's underwriter and as a shipbroker, charterer, ship owner, ship operator, gasoil futures broker and commodities trader in London and abroad.
Since 1984 he has been lecturing on several subjects of Maritime Studies and Law at universities and colleges in London and throughout the UK. He is a Visiting Professor at both the IMO’s World Maritime University and the Shanghai Maritime University and is a frequent guest presenter at residential conferences worldwide. Interlink International Trading (UK) Ltd was founded by him in 1994, providing maritime and commodities commercial claims consultancy and bespoke corporate training. His clients include oil majors, commodity traders, shipowners, P&I Clubs, shipbrokers, law firms, governments and international shipping organisations. www.intlinkint.com
In 2002, Jeffrey founded and is the principal lecturer of Maritime Education & Training Ltd as an independent provider in London of evening tuition preparing international students to take the annual examinations of the Institute of Chartered Shipbrokers. He has over 30 guest lecturers who support him in teaching many specialist topics of eight subjects either in the student’s office or at King’s College, part of the University of London. METL also offers bespoke training for companies and individuals who do not want to take the ICS exams but wish to improve their knowledge of maritime commercial subjects. www.metl.london He has contributed articles to trade magazines and books for many years and is revising the 12th edition of a major shipping textbook.
Past Chairman and Education Officer of the London Branch, he achieved Fellowship of the Institute of Chartered Shipbrokers by examination in 1979 (global 3rd place) and has served on the ICS International Controlling Council, Membership Committee, UK & Ireland Zone Committee and the London Branch Committee since 1983. Jeffrey is also a long-term Fellow of the Chartered Institute of Arbitrators, is a Supporting Member of the London Maritime Arbitrators Association (LMAA) and has been an arbitrator (both sole and tribunal) since 1994 and an expert witness since 1983. In addition, he has been on the Council of the International Commodity and Shipping Arbitration Service (ICSAS) since its inception in 2005.
Professor Max Mejia is Director of the PhD Program and Head of the Maritime Law and Policy Specialization at the World Maritime University (WMU), where he has been a member of the resident faculty since 1998. Before joining WMU, he saw duty on board various naval and coast guard vessels as well as in shore-based facilities in the Philippines.
PhD Law and Ergonomics in Maritime Security, Lund University
MSc Marine Safety Administration, World Maritime University
Master of Arts in Law and Diplomacy, Tufts University
Tekn Lic, Licentiate of Engineering, Lund University
BS United States Naval Academy
Professor Max Mejia is Director of the PhD Program and Head of the Maritime Law and Policy Specialization at the World Maritime University (WMU), where he has been a member of the resident faculty since 1998. Before joining WMU, he saw duty on board various naval and coast guard vessels as well as in shore-based facilities in the Philippines. His assignments included, inter alia, Commanding Officer of Port State Control Office Manila, Commander of Coast Guard Station Iligan, Deputy Executive Director of the Presidential Task Force on Maritime Development, and Assistant Chief of Staff for Navigational Safety. He earned his Bachelor of Science at the United States Naval Academy (Annapolis, Maryland, USA). Dr. Mejia took a sabbatical from the World Maritime University to serve as Administrator (Director General) of the Maritime Industry Authority (MARINA) from May 2013 to July 2016. MARINA is the maritime administration in the Philippines, tasked with integrating the development, promotion, and regulation of the maritime industry. As Administrator, Dr. Mejia was chief architect and implementer of a comprehensive reform of the country’s maritime education, training, and certification system as well as other wide-ranging maritime safety improvement programs. In 2013, Lloyd’s List included Dr. Mejia in its list of the world’s 100 Most Influential Persons in the Shipping Industry.
Date of Birth: 27 December 1964 Citizenship: Norwegian
EDUCATION Dr.juris. (PhD in Law Law) Faculty of Law, University of Tromsø 1996-2001 Cand.jur. (Master in Law). University of Tromsø 1990-1995 CURRENT POSITION(S) Director, K. G. Jebsen Centre for the Law of the Sea, Faculty of Law, UiT The Arctic University of Norway, Norway 2013- Professor, Faculty of Law, UiT The Arctic University of Norway, Norway 2008-
PREVIOUS POSITIONS Associate Professor, Faculty of Law, University of Tromsø, Norway 2001 – 2008 Temporary employment as judge Hålogaland Court of Appeal, Norway 2004 Research Fellow Faculty of Law, University of Tromsø, Norway 1996 – 2001
FELLOWSHIPS AND AWARDS Pris til yngre forsker (best young researcher at UiT) 2002 University of Tromsø, Norway University of Tromsø’s prize for Research and Development (FOU-prisen). 2014 Visiting fellow, Lauterpacht Centre for International Law, University of Cambridge, UK 2005 - 2006 Visiting fellow, Max Planck Institute for Comparative Public Law and International Law, Heidelberg, Germany 2010 – 2011
PROFESSIONAL EXPERIENCE Professor, Faculty of Law, University of Tromsø 2008- Director, K.G. Jebsen Centre for the Law of the Sea, University of Tromsø 2013- Associate Professor, Faculty of Law, University of Tromsø, 2002-2008 Dean, Faculty of Law, University of Tromsø 2002-2005 Vice- Dean, Faculty of Law, University of Tromsø, Norway 2006 – 2007 Vice- Dean, Faculty of Law, University of Tromsø, Norway 2009
RESEARCH: • International public law (law of the sea, international environmental law) • Administrative law/environmental law
Publication list available on https://www.cristin.no/as/WebObjects/cristin.woa/4/wa/personVis?type=PERSON&pnr=585 85&la=en Project portfolio: K.G. Jebsen Foundation, Research Council of Norway, Ministry of Foreign Affairs (Norway), Tromsø forskningsstiftelse, Fram - High North Research Centre for Climate and the Environment (Norway).
Avocat à la Cour (Paris Bar) and Doctor in Law (Sorbonne & Melbourne), Dr. Tassin Campanella is the founder & director
of the law firm "VTA-TASSIN" specialized in European & Public International Law, Maritime and Environmental Law &
Policy, Law of the Sea, Sustainable Development & Climate Change. She is working with governments, international and
regional organizations, enterprises, NGOs, foundations and research institutes.
“Avocat à la Cour (Paris Bar) and Doctor in Law (Sorbonne & Melbourne), Dr. Tassin Campanella is the Founder & Director of the law firm "VTA-Tassin" offering services to direct and non-direct users of the sea in Law of the Sea, Ocean Governance & Sustainable Development
She is the recipient of two international awards: INDEMER (Monaco, 2011) and Escola Superior Dom Helder Câmara (Belo Horizonte, Brazil, 2016) where she is affiliated as a Researcher in the Research Group of International Resources Law (DIRNAT) since 2014.
She is currently teaching undergraduates, graduates, professionals and government officials at the Nippon Foundation Programme of the International Tribunal for the Law of the Sea, Nanterre University, Lille University, Sciences Po Paris & HEC Paris.
She holds a dual academic background both in France and Australia in Law, Commerce and Leadership and publishes regularly in French and English in journals, yearbooks and books of international renown. She is currently working on her third book “Deep-sea Mining & the Law of the Sea” (edited with Robert Makgill, forthcoming in 2020 with Routledge).
(Kadir Has University Faculty of Law, Commercial Law Department)
LLB Ankara Üniversitesi Hukuk Fakültesi
LLM Hamburg Üniversitesi Uluslararası Deniz Hukuku ve Deniz Ticareti Hukuku Enstitüsü Özel Hukuk 2005
2011 - 2012 Denizcilik Sigortaları Postgraduate Diploma Kursu, Dünya Denizcilik Üniversitesi (WMU), Malmö.
2009-2010 Gemi Finansmanı Diploma Kursu, North West Kent College - Lloyd’s Maritime Academy, Londra.
PhD Ankara Üniversitesi Sosyal Bilimler Enstitüsü Özel Hukuk 2013
Lecturer Kadir Has Üniversitesi Hukuk Fakültesi, İstanbul (2015 -),Medipol Üniversitesi Hukuk Fakültesi, İstanbul (2014 – 2015), Hasan Kalyoncu Üniversitesi Hukuk Fakültesi, Gaziantep. 2013 – 2015, Deniz Ticaret Enstitüsü (Bahçeşehir Üniversitesi işbirliği ile sürdürülen Deniz Hukuku Programı), İstanbul (2012 – 2016), Legal Consultant, Bakü Tiflis Ceyhan Ham Petrol Boru Hattı Proje Direktörlüğü, Ankara (2008 - 2011) Intern, Birleşmiş Milletler Deniz Hukuku Mahkemesi, Hamburg. Araştırma Konusu “Türk Boğazlarından Zararsız Geçiş Yapan Yabancı Gemilerin İhtiyati Haczi, BMDHS’nin 28. Maddesinin Uygulanabilirliği” 2007 (April-June), Intern, Devlet Planlama Teşkilatı Hukuk Müşavirliği, Ankara. 2001
Gemi İnşa Sözleşmesi, İstanbul 2013. ;“Tip Gemi İnşa Sözleşmelerinde Garanti Borcunun Anlamı”, İnönü Üniversitesi Hukuk Fakültesi, C. 3, S.2 2012.; “Uluslararası Deniz Hukukunda Kıyı Devletinin Gemilere El Koyma Yetkisinin Sınırları”, Şubat 2011, Orsam. “Gemilere El Konulması Halinde Bayrak Devletinin Yetkileri”, Mart 2011, KATÜ-Orsam;; “Katar-Irak-Türkiye Doğal Gaz Boru Hattı Projesi Mümkün mü?” Orsam Analiz, Nisan 2011, C. 3, S. 28; “Sınır Aşan Boru Hattı Projelerinde Transit Ülkenin Hukuki Durumu”, Orsam Analiz, Ekim 2009, C.1, S.10.